basics of gardening

The basics of gardening: How to garden easily?

You probably wondered how to garden easily when you’re a beginner? I’ll give you a few tips to learn the basics of gardening efficiently and easily.

How to learn to garden?

A good land: a guarantee of quality

Caring for the soil is the gardener’s job before he sows. It is above all a question of knowing the composition of the soil in order to enrich it if necessary: the soil can be clay, limestone, sandy or even humiferous.

Needs differ depending on its nature. If in doubt, you can have a soil sample analyzed in a testing laboratory.

In the end, it would be ideal to approach the following composition: 60% sand, 20% clay, 10% limestone and 10% humus.

Indeed, the soil must be of good quality to be fertile, and it will be wise to enrich it by occasionally bringing compost, manure, peat or soil.

The amount required for the amendment will of course depend on the nature of the soil and its future plantations, some of which are more demanding than others.

Tillage: a must

The basics of gardening also pass through the soil, but enriching the soil is not enough, it will also be necessary to clean the garden, aerate it, dig it but without turning the soil so as not to unbalance it.

After removing the weed, it is an important phase to facilitate the circulation of water in the soil.

The ideal is to do it twice, so the soil will be better amended, drained, more flexible and the plants will then take root more easily.

Between each step, leave a rest time on the ground.

What tools do I use to work the soil in my garden?

The basics of gardening also require a minimum of equipment to prepare your garden: a fork, a spade at first, then a hook or a claw.

Tools for my garden

The products related to garden equipment are numerous and varied. For example, a teak or natural resin garden furniture will embellish your exterior and give it an exotic style or design. In a completely different register, you can brighten it up with pretty flower pots made of recycled material.

Currently, to cool off your hot summer days, mists are the rage. As for your plants, you have the choice between stainless steel gardening tools or with ergonomic handle.

Tools for my vegetable garden

Vegetable gardens are back in fashion. A real haven of peace when you leave your work: find your plot of land and make your plantations.

You will need equipment for the vegetable garden like a claw, to scratch the earth. A planter, to plant your seedlings. A secateurs, to cut whatever you want.

A watering can, to water the plants. Stakes, to orient your plants like tomatoes.

Exposure: a shock asset, the sun

The most beautiful vegetables and plantations grow in the sun, so think about it when you choose the location of your garden. Discover our article to learn the basics of the vegetable garden.

For if the nature of the soil can be modified by the contribution of various organic matter, exposure is not; and light is indispensable for the growth of plants and plants.

Then it is important that the garden is not too exposed to the cold wind. The ideal will be to install it to the south/ southwest.

Then the choice of seedlings will also be adapted to the climate.

Think if your garden is far from a water point to equip you with a practical watering system, it is essential for the growth of your plantations.

And why not invest in a water recuperator; with the garden, it will quickly be profitable.

Gardening basics go through the gardener’s calendar

Offered by different gardeners, it is available in paper or downloadable version on the internet and is also called the lunar calendar. This is an element that will allow you to understand the basics of gardening.

It repeats the ancestral traditions taking into account the moon at each stage of gardening: seeding, planting, maintenance and harvesting throughout the year, season by season and date to date.

It thus distinguishes days flowers, days roots, days leaves and days fruits and seeds.

As soon as a day is favorable to a type of seeding/ planting, the calendar reminds you.

It is a guide of choice that assures you to carry out the steps of your gardening in time and time: too soon seeded some plants risk suffering from cold and frost, and too late seeded, their growth would be limited.

And you will see that every season there is work to be done in the garden.

And to this calendar are added the favorable associations of certain plants or flowers, thus allowing to protect them naturally by repelling the pests of certain plants.

The basic set for easy gardening

In addition to the fork, spade and claw or hook, it is also important for a gardener to equip himself with a mop, a hoe and a rake to do the sowing or planting and plowing.

Then more secondary, but nevertheless useful, the planter, knife and wheelbarrow will be welcome.

Each tool corresponds to one or more tasks. And well equipped, the work will be only easy and pleasant, more comfortable also for the gardener.

Some tips for durable and resistant material: prioritize iron tools and forged, hardened steel blades.

The handle of each gardening tool will be mainly made of wood or light aluminium.

And above all, choose the equipment that suits you: adapted to your size, your needs….

The garden and diseases

The basics of gardening is good, but getting a production worthy of that is the crown of the gardener.

It will therefore be necessary to compensate for the various diseases that can affect your garden and destroy it quickly.

🌿 Namely that in gardening, there are four main types of diseases that must be overcome to obtain the desired production.

What are they now?

Diseases caused by microscopic fungi, known as cryptogamic diseases 

They are often caused by rain. the best known: downy mildew, rust.

Diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria that affect plant tissues, known as bacterial diseases

Diseases caused by microscopic viruses, known as viral diseases.

They rapidly cause the leaves of plants to mottle or discolour.

Diseases caused by natural factors, known as physiological diseases.

They cause drying or yellowing of plants and are caused, for example, by drought.

How can we overcome this?

There is a saying that prevention is better than cure. This is a valuable advice to give to any gardener who wants to start his garden and especially to beginners.

One of the natural and ecological tips is to protect each plant by another friendly plant and also to avoid certain associations.

The association of friendly cultures will naturally remove diseases and parasites.

And to make your vegetables more vigorous and less susceptible to diseases, it is also advisable to water them or spray them regularly with nettle purin.

It is both a fertilizer but also a natural and safe fortifying.